The New World or the Americas is the term that refers to the continents of North America and South America. The New World was considered a land of new life for many people because it had wide open land to explore, an abundance of resources, and a chance to trade with the Native Americans that thrived there.

Overview Edit

The New World is first featured in Age of Empires II: The Conquerors which took place during the timeline of the Spanish conquest of Yucatán with 2 Native American civilizations, the Aztecs and the Maya. In Age of Empires III the entire game takes places after the conquest of the Meso-America and to the Industrial Age and the expansion into western North America. There are many new maps of the New World featured in Age of Empires III such as New England and Texas with new animals to hunt, new tribes ally with, and large invasions with the new gunpowder weapons involved.

Historical Background Edit

The second discovery of the New World was done by Christopher Columbus of Spain in 1493 in the island of Hispaniola and after later travels Columbus called the land "New World". In 1524, the term was also used by Giovanni da Verrazzano in a record of his voyage that year along the coast of what would later become the United States and Canada.

The first major conquest of the New World started by the Spanish and the Portuguese. In the 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas, ratified by the Pope, these two kingdoms divided the entire non-European world between themselves, with a line drawn through South America. Based on this Treaty, and the claims by Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa to all lands touching the Pacific Ocean, the Spanish rapidly conquered territory, overthrowing the Aztec and Incan Empires to gain control of much of western South America, Central America and Mexico by the mid-16th century, in addition to its earlier Caribbean conquests. Over this same time-frame, Portugal conquered much of eastern South America, naming it Brazil.

Soon other European nations soon disputed the terms of the Treaty of Tordesillas, which they had not negotiated. The British and the French attempted to plant colonies in the Americas in the 16th century, but these met with failure. However, in the following century, the two kingdoms, along with the Dutch, succeeded in establishing permanent colonies. Some of these were on Caribbean islands, which had often already been conquered by the Spanish or depopulated by disease, while others were in eastern North America, which had not been colonized by Spain north of Florida.

Soon as more civilizations gained interest in the colonization of the New World the competition for territory became increasingly fierce. Colonists often faced the threat of attacks from neighboring colonies, as well as from indigenous tribes and pirates.

In the end, The French lost their territories to the British. Russia's Alaska was bought by America, which revolted from Britain. Portugal's monarchs were deposed, France deposed theirs, Germany's Holy Roman Empire was dissolved by Napoleon and their remains forgot about colonization to squabble amongst themselves, the Dutch colonies rebelled, India and China were recognized as nations, José de San Martín and Bolívar led Spain's colonies to independence and Europe relinquished Africa. The sun set on the Colonial Era.